JAK2 Translocations in Hematological Malignancies: Review of the Literature

Abstract

JAK2 is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase whose gene is located on chromosome 9p24. It is involved in the regulation of different cytokines and growth factors and plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of myeloproliferative neoplasms (Smith et al., 2008). Translocations involving the JAK2 locus are uncommon with just a few cases described in the literature, and they usually lead to a fusion protein with JAK2 (Patnaik et al., 2010). Chromosome 9p24 abnormalities have been described in myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms including chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), acute megakaryoblastic leukemia, CD10+ B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, T-cell ALL and chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMD) (Smith et al., 2008; Lacronique et al., 1997). Although the breakpoints of each translocation are known, characterization of the partner gene has not been done in many of the cases reported due to insufficient sample or other factors. In the present study we review all translocations involving JAK2 that have been reported in the literature.

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